According to the Brain Injury Association of America, every 9 seconds someone in the U.S. sustains a brain injury, and every day, 137 people die in the U.S. because of a traumatic brain-related injury.
In addition, more than 3.5 million children and adults sustain an acquired brain injury each year; however, the total number of incidents is unknown.
Traumatic brain injury is diagnosed when there is destruction or degeneration of brain cells, usually occurring due to a wide range of internal and external factors, more typically:
Other causes include electric shock, lightning strike, near drowning, infectious disease, seizure disorder, substance abuse/overdose, toxic exposure and tumor.
There is no one standard treatment traumatic brain injury. Once the diagnosis has been made, patients and their families work together with an interdisciplinary treatment team to determine the best course of action.
Depending upon the nature of the injury, individuals may enter, exit, and re-enter treatment at any point either continuously or on an intermittent basis throughout their life.
Keep yourself safe, and observe the following rules to prevent traumatic brain injury: